Study: Canadian fossil finds give key details about primitive fish; shows precursor to jaws

Malcolm Ritter / The Associated Press
June 11, 2014 10:23 AM

This undated artist rendering provided by the journal Nature shows a depiction of the Metaspriggina. New fossils of the sea creature found mostly in British Columbia, helped create a new description of the creature that was released on Wednesday, June 11, 2014, by the journal Nature. The the fossils are giving scientists critical details about one of the earliest known fishes, and researchers said that helps show how animals that have backbones evolved jaws. (AP Photo/Nature, Conway Morris, Jean-Bernard Caron, Marianne Collins)

NEW YORK, N.Y. - New fossils are providing critical details about one of the earliest known fishes, and researchers say that helps show how jaws evolved in animals that have backbones.

The fish is called Metaspriggina. Researchers say it grew about 2 inches (5 centimetres) long and lived widely in North America some 515 million to 500 million years ago.

The fish had no jaws. But Jean-Bernard Caron of the Royal Ontario Museum in Toronto, one of the study authors, said structures near the gills show what the precursor to jaws looked like.

A new description of the fish, based on fossils found mostly in British Columbia, was released Wednesday by the journal Nature.


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